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Walking Underwater

You've got to crawl before you can walk, but most octopuses never get past crawling. They flail some of their suckered arms in slow motion, pushing and pulling against rocks and other objects to move across the seafloor.

Christine L. Huffard, a graduate student at the University of California, Berkeley, and colleagues have found two species of octopus that walk on two of their arms. They use the suckered edges like bulldozer treads, laying them down in alternating fashion to scoot along. Both species walk backward using their two backmost arms, the researchers report in the journal Science. Octopus marginatus, which is found in Indonesia, contacts the bottom with roughly half of each arm, while O. aculeatus, which is found from Indonesia to Australia, uses closer to three-quarters. Ms. Huffard measured the speed of O. marginatus at about 2.5 to 5.5 inches per second, slightly faster than crawling.

Walking on two limbs generally requires bones and muscles: something to keep the limbs rigid and something else to move them. Octopuses have lots of muscles, and make up for the lack of bones by keeping their arms filled with fluid to provide support.

As to why these two creatures walk this way, the answer seems to be that they sometimes need to maintain their camouflage. To disguise itself from predators, O. marginatus wraps its arms around its head, looking, to the human eye, like a coconut. If it needs to move suddenly, it can maintain the disguise with six arms. Similarly, O. aculeatus can walk away from danger, six of its arms raised so that it resembles a bunch of algae.

(New York Times, 4/5/05)


Marinebiology program graduate Dr. Robert Schumacher created a rustle in the scientific research community by helping Pierson High School senior Alisha Bateman discover Scoriosin, an antibiotic compound currently being tested for effectiveness against HIV, SARS, and West Nile Virus.

Schumacher was taking one of his nature walks near his East Hampton home when he found mold that had fallen off a tree but wasn’t decomposed after several days. He suspected the mold could have antibacterial properties and brought it in for Bateman to examine.

During his eight years as a teacher, Schumacher, who received his Bachelor of Science from Southampton College before attending the University of Hawaii for a Ph.D. in organic chemistry, has led two students to the semi-finals and one student to the finals of the highly regarded Intel Science Talent Search.

In 1999, he helped students Stephanie Talmage, Sara Miller and Katie Sarris identify and name the molecule Bonactin. For their work, the students appeared on the Rosie O’Donnell Show. One year later, Schumacher assisted Talmage in isolating an antibiotic that proved effective against E.coli.


Dr J.D. Barton, Jr. former dean of Southampton College (’63-’68), recently returned from Spring Mill Park near Mitchell, Ind. where he and several colleagues completed a 50-year follow up of a study on Donaldsons Woods, a stand of virgin timber that comprised 80 acres of the Park.  More than 2000 trees have been measured every ten years since 1954, most by Barton himself!

Ed Lewandowski ’87 has been appointed executive director of Delaware’s Center for Inland Bays. He brings more than 15 years of experience in environmental education and conservation to the position. Lewandowski lives in Bridgeville, Del., with his wife, Jill Lewandowski, and their two children, Kyrra, 12, and Korina, 7. Jill Lewandowski is a middle school teacher in the Bridgeville School District.  Read more about Joe’s appointment here: http://www.capegazette.com/storiescurrent/1004/lewandowski100104.html

CJ Emanuelson, a 1999 graduate of Southampton College, has been appointed head men's volleyball coach at Sacred Heart University in Fairfield, Connecticut. He will also serve as assistant coach to the women's volleyball program.

While at Southampton College, where he earned his degree in Elementary Education, Emanuelson was a four year starter on the Colonial's volleyball team.

After graduating from Southampton he went on to earn his Masters of Arts in Learning degree from Sacred Heart in May 2002.

Emanuelson goes to the Sacred Heart coaching position with a wealth of coaching experience in Connecticut. He was assistant volleyball coach at Joel Barlow High School and also coached at Darien High School and at the Dearing Volleyball School at Springfield College.


Mike Wilhelm '90

Enters his second season with the Chicago Bulls ... hired as part of Bill Cartwright's staff on September 5, 2002 ... primary responsibilities include scouting upcoming opponents and preparing scouting reports on opponents' play schemes and personnel ... spent the 2001-02 season performing scouting duties for the Denver Nuggets ... spent four years as the Advance Scout/Head Video Coordinator for the Cleveland Cavaliers, supervising the video department and scouting upcoming opponents ... also served as assistant coach for the WNBA Cleveland Rockers ... an assistant coach for Haverford College in 1995-96 ... coaching career began in the professional league in Sweden, where he directed the Sundsvall Dragons for two seasons from 1990-92 ... played college basketball at Southampton (NY) College ... earned Master's degree in Sports Administration from Ohio University in 1993 ... Wilhelm, 36, and his wife Annika have one son, Max.


John Kanas
Excerpt from the New York Times February 29, 2004

For North Fork’s Chairman, It’s Westward Ho!

With North Fork’s merger this past month with the GreenPoint Financial Corporation in a $6.3 billion stock deal, John Kanas, a 1968 alumnus of Southampton College, erased any lingering doubts whether he was sophisticated enough for Park Avenue. After swallowing GreenPoint – a bank with deep roots in Brooklyn, a strong New York presence and a national mortgage business – North Fork now tops $50 billion in assets and $30 billion in deposits.

Unlike many senior banking executives at large banks, heavy with Ivy League pedigrees and country club connections, Mr. Kanas came up as a rural branch manager, opening a series of North Fork branches on the South Fork of Long Island and expanding the bank’s deposit base during the 1970s. The openings helped set the stage for its rapid growth through Suffolk and Nassau in the 1980s and 90s.

Mr. Kanas’s rise is one of the more colorful stories in banking today. The duck farm where he grew up was built by his grandfather, an Austrian immigrant. In fact, Mr. Kanas, who is 57, still lives there, minus the ducks. He attended a one-room schoolhouse down the road, one of a class of 11. In high school he worked in a delicatessen near the school and at age 18, bought the deli himself, with the help of a $3,000 loan from Chase Manhattan Bank. He sliced meat for four years to put himself through Long Island University’s then-new Southampton campus.

After he graduated, Mr. Kanas sold the deli and began teaching sixth grade in Greenport. With the war in Vietnam, teaching promised a draft deferment, he said.

His schoolteacher’s salary proved inadequate, and the government soon abolished the deferment for teachers. About that time Mr. Kanas met Irving Price, a Greenport resident and the chairman of the local North Fork Bank, and Mr. Price offered him a job.

That was 1971. Mr. Kanas left teaching to manage North Fork’s branch on Love Lane in Mattituck. At the time the bank had 4 branches and 34 employees.

"North Fork Bank in those days was a farmers’ bank," Mr. Kanas recalled. "You lent farmers money to buy seed. If the crops came up, you’d get paid. If not, you rolled the loan over."

Mr. Kanas’s early experience, competing to win the business of small entrepreneurs and salaried people up and down the East End, helped define his view of banking. But succeeding in Manhattan and New Jersey, he said is no different than succeeding on Long Island. "You try to be friendly to people and treat them right," he said. "For some reason, banks often don’t do this." Kanas, a 1986 distinguished alumnus of the college, has certainly excelled in treating people right.


John Lonero

"I USED TO BE ITALIAN' - a novel by John Lonero '76

John Lonero '76 (M.S.) grew up in Cleveland Ohio. He has written, and with help from his wife Hedy, who is also a Southampton College alum, has published a novel "I Used to be Italian."

Through a story of two friends growing up in the Italian neighborohoods of Cleveland, it depicts the familial wars between the dreams of the new world and the roots of the old country. The book has met with rave reviews from Cleveland to East Hampton to North Carolina (where John and Hedy live).

John taught art at East Hampton High School for 25 years before "retiring" to Tryon, N.C.

He first published part of this novel in the East Hampton Star.

Signed copies of his book are available directly from the publishers for $20.45.

Write to Pacolet Pines Publishing Co., P.O. Box 1047 Tryon, N.C. 28782

More information and reviews are on John's website.
Visit  http://www.iusedtobeitalian.com
The book can be purchased by mail directly from the publisher.

 
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